November 12, 2021

Next Digital Decade: Case Studies from Asia (vol 1) – Traces and Divides


We’re thrilled to launch a 2-part series, The Next Digital Decade: Case Studies from Asia. Volume 1, titled ‘Traces and Divides’, reflects the path these case studies take: tracing the impact of the Internet on society, politics, and life in Asia, while identifying the many divides that persist. Asian societies are increasingly “digitally transformed”, but the effects are unequally distributed, and often amplify long standing power imbalances along multiple axes.

At the heart of this project is the intention to find work on the region from within it, and to expand the discourse to include emerging scholars with unique vantage points. In this publication you will find a wide range of themes and authors from over 10 different countries in Asia, featuring established scholars and practitioners, as well as early career academics. Asia has often been framed as a recipient of knowledge, a passive beneficiary of global best practices, and a target of development. This volume celebrates a more circular, bi-directional exchange. The “Western” English majority Internet is no longer the dominant paradigm. Local communities, governments, and companies are developing new applications and innovations, embedding local cultures and ideas in governance frameworks, e-commerce, and social media, and de-centering online spaces away from the global North.

The case studies were accepted in 2020, edited across 2021 – in “pandemic time” – and are being published now. Each piece went through rigorous editing process, including anonymous peer review by senior scholars and practitioners, who helped mentor these pieces towards readiness. Due to the longer than expected publishing cycle, some of the pieces – such as those which assess the early responses to COVID-19 by Asian governments, serve as a unique snapshot of a very particular moment, rather than a definitive or up-to-date analysis. We opted to preserve this “fly in amber” characteristic.

These works would not see light of day without the support of our partners, Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung, Singapore. We are grateful to Christian Echle, Katharina Naumann and Ming Yin Ho for being outstanding collaborators whose investment in the vision for this project never wavered. We are also grateful to our editor, Ruchika Chanana, and the design team at yellow too, for shaping the final outputs. Above all, we thank all of our authors, whose work we are
proud to share. We hope you enjoy the rich diversity of this collection, and we invite you to dip into “Volume 2: Spaces and Futures” next.

Malavika Jayaram
Executive Director
Digital Asia Hub


Table of Contents


AI-based Strategies to Combat Wildlife Trafficking and Wet Markets in Asia: A Critical Review

Natasha Rusch &
Payal Arora

South Korea, Singapore and Taiwan Take on Coronavirus

Er-Win Tan

Digital Contact Tracing: Assessing Effectiveness and Privacy Trade- Offs in Singapore and India

Tristan Chabas

The Bio-Cyber Norm: Emergence and Operationalisation

Sarvjeet Singh &
Sharngan Aravindakshan

Crowdsourcing During The Infodemic: Technology and Ground-Up Initiatives During COVID-19

Jennifer Yang Hui

Media System Approach to Disinformation Vulnerability: Developing Disinformation Resilience in Southeast Asia

Cleve V. Arguelles &
Jose Mari Hall Lanuza

The Industry of Political Buzzing in Indonesia and Its Impact on Social Media Governance: Examining Viral Tweets

Dr Mirta Amalia,
Klara Esti, &
Mohammad Rinaldi Camil

Digital Divide and Democratic Citizenship: A Tale of Two Valleys in The Western Himalayas

Muhammad Masood

Understanding the Effectiveness of e-Invited Spaces in Indonesia: A Literature Review Using Human Action Perspective

Arthur Glenn Maail

On Government Intervention in the Digital Economy of Least-Developed Countries: The Cambodian Experience

Daravuth Rath Sithy

Addressing Barriers to Cross- Border E-Payments in Asia

Dr Deborah Elms,
Sebastian Cortes-Sanchez & Binderiya Makhbal

Enabling Efficient and Inclusive E-Commerce Governance in Asia: A Focus on Digital Taxation

Dr Deborah Elms &
Sebastian Cortes-Sanchez, Co-author: Ankita Saxena

Title of Publication

The Next Digital Decade: Case Studies from Asia

Title of Series
Volume 1 – Traces and Divides

Copyright (CC BY-NC-SA) Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung/Digital Asia Hub

2021-Creative Commons Attribute – Non Commercial – Share Alike 4.0

You are free to reuse, distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon the material in any medium or format for noncommercial purposes, only, and only so long as attribution is given to the creator, and that the subsequent works carry the same identical licensing conditions.

Published by
Digital Asia Hub, Hong Kong, and Political Dialogue Asia/ Politikdialog Asien Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung e. V.

Series Editors: Dev Lewis, Katharina Naumann, Ming Yin Ho
Copyeditor and proofreader: Ruchika Chanana
Design and typesetting: yellow too Pasiek Horntrich GbR

Available for Open Access in digital formats.
For more information or queries contact:

Volume 1 – ISBN 978-981-18-3491-2